When the Head Becomes Main

A tragic fate befell a famous British soldier, Thomas Edward Lawrence. He died in a motorcycle accident in 1935. Hugh Crains, a neurologist, investigated the cause of death of the motorcyclist who died from the impact on the head. The result of his research encourage the importance of helmet use for motorcyclists and the military. 

The use of head protection or helmets has been known to ancient peoples in the past. They understand that the head is a vital part that needs protection. 

Crocodile Skin Helmet

In ancient Egyptian culture, crocodiles that lived in the Nile had a place of honor. They believed that a warrior would gain extra strength and be feared by the enemyif he wore the attributes of crocodile skin. Emergence of war clothes made of thick crocodile skin and helmets from the skin of the abdomen around the 3rd century BC. 

Sumerian Helmet

The Sumerians, who inhabited the ancient city of Ur, already had the technology of mixing gold and silver metals. Usually the goods produced are used in a ceremony. One of them is a helmet. This helmet, with its decorative embellishments and special shapes on the ears, was worn by the king. In addition to ceremonies, this helmet is designed to protect the wearer on the battlefield. Seen fom the additional part on the side of the wearer's face. This goden helmet has been used by the Sumerians since the third millennium BC. 

Helm Corinthians

This bronze helmet, weighing nearly two kilograms, became the hallmark of the Greek army. The shape resembles a human skull and is designed to protect the head, face, and neck. Began to be used by the Greek army (Athens and Sparta) around 650 years BC. Although in a very safe form, this helmet has a drawback: limited visibility  and hearing. 

Montefortino

In the Roman era, helmets also experienced developments. Not only safe, it also signifies rank. Allegedly, decorations such as a ponytail tassel on the top of the helmet were used to distinguish officers from ordinary soldiers. In addition to being worn by soldiers, similar helmets were worn by fighters in gladiator matches. The difference is, helmets for gladiators cover the face completely and leave only a hole for the eyes to see, which is protected by a kind of grille.

Kabuto

This Japanese war helmet was worn in the 5th century. Initially worn by soldiers but later became an important part of the samurai outfit. Usually these helmets are elaborately decorated, denoting rank, and worn with war robes. That said, this helmet and battle cloak was inspired by Masamune Date, a legendary samurai. In the mid-16th century, various types of helmets appeared. 

Bassinet

The honor of a knight in medieval Europe was determined in a competition in the form of one-on-one "fights". Armed with spears and on horseback, they tried to knock each other down. The helmets worn by these knights completely covered the face. It weighs three kilograms. The front is tapered to form a nose. 

Adrian's helmet

In 1915, August Louis Adrian, a French military officer, designed a protective helmet. He was inspired by the helmets of the Paris firefighters. The helmet is also equipped with an attribute in the form of a badge which is a sign of army unity. For example, an insignia with  a bomb exploded for an infantry unit and two crossed  cannons for an artillery unit. 

Brodie's helmet

The first year of World War I, not a single soldier was willing to wear a steel helmet. Even the German troops only wore a kind of traditional leather hat called a pickelhaube. British troops began using it in 1915, a design by John Leopold Brodie. Brodie's helmet is considered stronger than Adrian's design. Brodie's helmet has helped many troops involved in the war in the trenches. 

Stahlhelm

Germany as a major player in the two World Wars developed its own helmet. They modified the steel helmets they produced. For example, the M1918 series gives the ear room to hear well in the trenches and on horseback. This helmet was then worn by the German army and police until the Nazis came to power. 

Kevlar helmet

Helmet "steel pot" began to be abandoned since the discovery of a material called kevlar by Stephanie Kwolek, a worker at the DuPont company, in 1965. Kevlar, which has a light and strong structure, helps increase mobility and reduce the burden of each combat personnel. In addition, this helmet is composed of three parts which make it bulletproof, impact resistant, and comfortable to wear. To keep the helmet in place, there is a nylon strap that goes around the wearer's chin.

Pilot Helmet

If in World War II fighters pilots wore leather helmets and aviator goggles, nowdays pilot helmets are integrated with infrared visualization and night vision. 

Football Helmet

In the United States dveloped a sport that relies on endurance: football. Crashing between players is plural. Then a special helmet is needed, which is designed to reduce the risk of injury. The inside is dominated by foam which functions as a shock absorber and in the front there is a kind of grille as a face shield. 

Motorcycle Helmet

Even though the motorcycle was introduced in 1885, helmet development was still lagging behind. Generally, people wear helmets like pilots, which are simple with a layer of fur. Frequent accidents that lead to fatalities prompted CF Lombard, professor at the University of Southern California (USC), to develop helmets. The inner layer is soft and comfortable, while the outer layer is able to absorb and distribute shock waves due to impact. In 1953, Lombard received a patent for this helmet. The development of a modern motorcycle helmet began to follow the Lombard helmet design.