Man's Obsession with Flying

The shrewdness of birds tickles the human obsession with flying. Due to limited knowledge, initially this obsession was only expressed in fantasy figures about winged creatures: half human, half bird.

In Ancient Greek mythology (8-1 century BC), the first flying wings were created by Daidalos, an artist. He created by Daidalos, an artist. He created wings made of feathers and wax for his son, Ikaros, in prison. Ikaros received the wings and used them to escape from the prison. Excited to fly, Ikaros forgot his father's message: don't fly close to the sun. The wings were burned by the sun so Ikaros fell down.

Although it is impossible to have wings like a bird, humans never stop realizing their obsession. 

Similar to Manyar Birds

Armed with simple tools in the form of a silk robe and eagle feathers attached to a wooden set, Ibn Firnas glided from a hill in Cordoba. Mu'min Ibn Said, a poet who witnessed the action on a autumn afternoon in 852, wrote, "Firnas flies faster than Phoenix when he uses the feathers on his body, like a weaver bird." Due to the fall, Firnas suffered a severe back injury. 


Although the flight was not so successful, the tool Firnas used received wide attention from scientists. Two centuries after Firnas, a priest from Malmesbury improved Firnas' design. By adding a tail, he referred to the device as a glider. From the bell tower, he managed to fly for 15 minutes with a distance of 200 meters. Now, gliders are often used for paragliding.


Leonardo Da Vinci, an Italian scientist, developed the find in 1488. The concept was called an ornithopter. The term comes from the Greek, ornithos which means bird and pteron which means wings. The concept of this tool takes the working principle of the wings of birds and insects. Da Vinci considered the human weight to be quite heavy if only supported by fixed wings. Hence people need more dynamic wings to fly longer and farther. 

Four Winged Dragon

The ornithopter experiment in 1496 did not satisfy some scientists. Apart from being unable to fly, the ornithopter is not considered safe. The concept of a four-winged glider was introduced in 1647. The developer, an Italian named Tito Livio Burattini, promised a device called the "four-winged dragon" was able to minimize injuries during landing or accidents.


An article on the calculation of the mass of objects in air was published in 1670. Its author, Francesco Lana de Terzi, concluded that an object could be lighter than air if it used a large copper chamber that stores gas in it. The space is used as a lifting force. Air circulation must be maintained as well as possible so that objects can still fly. This work inspired the invention of the airship by Barthomeleo Gusmao, a Portuguese, in 1709. This was the first human flight without wings. Later this discovery inspired the creation of the Zeppelin. 

Air balloon

Two brothers, Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier, succeeded in flying objects using the airship principle in 1783. They replaced the copper material with a giant ball made of silk. At the bottom of the ball there is a gap used for burning straw. The hot air is a source of energy. A box without a lid is attached to the ball. They go to into the box. Their flights are called "lighter-than-air flights". 


After the "flight-lighter-than-air" attempt without wings, people started thinking about wings again. George Cayley, British explorer, sketched a simple airplane and its working principle in the late 18th century. He is considered the founder of modern airplane form. William Samuel Henson and John Stringfellow, scientists, worked together to perfect the use of wings. They created a single-wing steam-powered flying machine in 1840. Its wingspan reached 45.7 meters. Their flights are known as "heavier-than-air-flights".


German aeronautical expert, Ferdinanz Adolf Heinrich August von Zeppelin, created a giant cigar-shaped balloon that was easy to control. Using the principle of the airship, Zeppelin, the name of this aircraft, can fly more purposefully. This aircraft is equipped with fins, egines, and rudders. In 1900, the Zeppelin successfully carried out its first test flight. This wingless aircraft served the world's first commercial flight in 1909. When the war broke out, its commercial function was eliminated because this aircraft was used more for war.