Flowing with Jazz History

Jazz music was known thanks to African Americans in the late 19th to early 20th centuries. It is said that jazz has its roots in African and European music. In its formation, jazz could not be separated from the role of black people in the United States. 

In its development, jazz is often referred to as dizzying music. Jazz, he said, is music that is difficult to understand, boring, even considered old school. However, over time, jazz began to interact with various other types of music. Often in rock, RnB and pop genres, for example, jazz rhythms appear. As a result, Jazz is now starting to be easily accepted by all circles. Even the fans are not only people from the old generation. 

Young people also began to be infatuated with jazz. New jazz musicians and vocalists also emerged. That's for example, Jammie Cullum, Norah Jones, Jamieroquai (band), Dave Koz (saxophonist). 


In 1892, pianist Tommy Turpin wrote Harlem Rag. This is the first known composition of ragtime streams. One of the genres of jazz is unique because it does not include improvisation and blues aura. This flow is one that influences the elements of jazz music. Ragtime experienced its peak between the years 1897 - 1918. Scott Joplin's music can be an example if you want to taste ragtime. Until now he is still the most famous ragtime composer. 


One of the other genres of jazz music is also known as New Orleans Jazz. Named New Orleans because the style of jazz music is known through a band called New Orleans in 1910. This music was developed in New Orleans until finally penetrated to Chicago and then to New York. In addition, this genre is often referred to as early jazz.

The Dixieland revival took place in the late 1940s-1950s. The characters of this genre are known for their collective improvisation and emotional play. The musical instruments used are usually guitar, bass guitar, saxophone, trombone, piano, clarinet, trumpet, drums, double bass, and vocals. Written arrangements are still not required. The reason is, there are only a few players, namely 6-10 people. Dixieland pioneers include Eddie Condon, Bud Freeman, and Jimmy McPartland. 


This flow of jazz music began to develop in the early 1920s. Swing then became a separate genre in 1935. If previously jazz was in the format of a romantic melody with stringed instruments, then Swing eliminated the use of stringed instruments. Swing uses more simple arrangements. This genre prioritizes wind instruments and melodic improvisation. 

In the late 1930s to early 1940s, swing had become popular music. However, swing's popularity began to wane during World War II. Musicians who popularized this genre include: Duke Ellington, Frank Sinatra, Benny Goodman, and Ella Fitzgerald. 

Big Band

Big Band is one of the most popular jazz genres in the swing era from 1935 to the late 1940s. Big bands usually consist of 12 to 19 musicians. They often use the saxophone, trumpet, and trombone. The music played by big bands is always prepared by big bands is always prepared in advance, and always takes a long maturation process. 

In the early period big bands usually consisted of 10-13 musical instruments, then dominated pop music in the mid-1920s. This genre was popularized by famous artists such as Paul Whiteman and Ted Lewis.

Kansas City Jazz

This genre is one of the style of jazz music that developed in Kansas City, USA. Kansas city jazz was born during the Great Depression in the 1930s. During that time, Kansas became the mecca of modern jazz music in the late 1920s to 19-30s. Its characteristic is a very soulful and blues style. This style also marked the transition from the big band genre to the improvisational style of bebob music. Musicians include Charlie Parker. 

Gypsy Jazz

French guitarist Django Reinhardt was the first to introduce Gypsy Jazz in the 1930s, French dance music and Eastern European folk strains. This style is often also known as Jazz Manouche. 

The character of this jazz gypsy music has a slow tempo with a swinging rhythm. The main instrument is a nylon stringed guitar. Sometimes played as an ensemble, consisting of 6 people with violin and bass violin. 


This flow is known for its unique characteristics of a very fast tempo. For almost all jazz musicians and jazz enthusiasts around the world, the era of bebop music is recognized as the most interesting and beautiful jazz revolution. This genre relies on the freedom of improvisation of its musicians, which can even be done spontaneously. 

Bebop music developed in the mid-1940s. This music began to be played by famous musicians in the first two years of World War II. The instruments commonly used are the saxophone, trumpet, drums, bass, and piano. This early format of bebop jazz was popularized by the duet Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie. 

Cool Jazz

This flow is often said to be a "mix" between bebop and swing styles. The reason is, the flow that was born from this bebop style combines swing in a harmonic and dynamic tone. Cool jazz formed in the late 1940s. Also dubbed West Coast Jazz, this genre of innovation comes from the west coast of the USA, especially the city of Los Angeles. Musicians who contributed significantly to this cool jazz style were the trumpeters, Miles Davis and Gil Evans. 

Latin Jazz

The large population of Latin American descent in America, making Latin jazz began to develop in America in the 1940s. This Latin jazz genre tries to combine jazz music with American and African rhythms. Sometimes jazz is also combined with various harmonies of classical Latin music from the Caribbean, Europe, and the United States. One of the pioneers of this music is Dizzy Gillespie and also Stan Kenton. 

Meanwhile, the world's first Latin jazz composition, entitled Tanga, was born on May 31, 1943 thanks to Mario Bauza. Broadly speaking, Latin jazz is divided into two, namely Brazilian Latin jazz is bossa nova. While one of the famous streams of Cuban jazz is the fusion of Cuban music with American jazz like cubop.

Jazz Fusion

This branch of jazz music is synonymous with the help of advanced technology. Fusion is a branch of jazz in which it has been mixed with rock, funk or other types of music. Fusion combines the flair and energy of rock music with the freedom of jazz improvisation. The use of electric guitar, electric bass often replaces traditional jazz instruments such as saxophone, trumpet and bass betot.

Smooth Jazz

One form of modern jazz development. This genre is often mixed with R&B music styles. Smooth jazz evolved as part of a form of jazz fusion. The tendency of this genre is to emphasize the melody rather than improvisation. Creed Taylor's CTI Records were a very important part of the genre's development in the mid-1970s.

Jazz funk

At the end of the 1960s, into the 1970s, Funk music had a lot of symbiosis with jazz. That's especially when Miles Davis absorbs funk rhytms in his jazz rock pieces. Funk music contains elements of African-American dance music. In general, this flow has the impression of being happy when listened to. 

Funk's roots can be traced to the rhythm and blues of music is closely related to soul music as well as other types of derivative music such as P-Funk and Funk Rock.

Acid Jazz

Also known as club jazz. This genre combines elements of soul music, funk, and disco. This genre developed in the 1980s and 1990s, initially in nightclubs in the South of England. Dj Gilles Peterson and Chris Bangs are generally credited with coining the term acid jazz, in 1987.